As teacher, create a quiz and set a time limit, a close date and set When time expires to Allow a grace period to submit, but not change any responses. Set Submission grace period to a suitable amount of time to let you do the tests below.
1. As student, start a quiz attempt and answer some questions. Then leave the browser tab open until time expires.
2. You will be automatically redirected to the review page, and the quiz will move into the overdue state.
3. Do nothing while waiting for the grace period to be over. Then go to the summary page of the quiz, and your attempt will be "Never submitted".
4. Login as teacher and check that that the attempt is set to "Never submitted" and has not been graded.